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Prevention of floorball injuries in female players: a randomized controlled trial
DOI 10.1186/ISRCTN26550281
ClinicalTrials.gov identifier
EudraCT number
Public title Prevention of floorball injuries in female players: a randomized controlled trial
Scientific title
Acronym LiVE (Liikuntavammojen Valtakunnallinen Ehkäisyohjelma [The National Sports Injury Prevention Programme])
Serial number at source N/A
Study hypothesis Floorball is a sport that often results in injuries, the knee and ankle being the most common injured sites. Our hypotheses are that we can reduce incidence of traumatic non-contact ankle and knee ligament injuries by 50% by using specific neuromuscular training program.
Lay summary
Ethics approval Approved by the Ethics Committee of Pirkanmaa Hospital District on the 4th May 2004 (ref [ETL-code]: R04072)
Study design Randomised controlled trial.
Countries of recruitment Finland
Disease/condition/study domain Prevention of injuries
Participants - inclusion criteria Participants were recruited from 28 Finnish floorball teams from Elite league, First division and Second division. All active (licenced) female floorball players from participating teams were eligible. Final participation was based on the informed consent of each player.
Participants - exclusion criteria Does not match inclusion criteria
Anticipated start date 01/04/2005
Anticipated end date 28/02/2006
Status of trial Completed
Patient information material
Target number of participants 457
Interventions This study was carried out during the competition season 2005-2006. Teams were the units of randomisation. Teams were randomly assigned to two groups (stratified randomisation): intervention group (14 teams) and control group (14 teams).

The intervention group participated in the injury prevention programme. The programme incuded neuromuscular warm-up exercises (e.g. running technique, balance board, plyometric and motor control training). The intervention group performed neuromuscular warm-up exercises before floorball training (1-3 times per week, 20-30 min at a time).

The control group kept on training as before.

The follow-up period was 6 months (from September to February). Players of both groups went through the tests of balance, agility and power before and after follow-up period. The practice and game hours of floorball were recorded on an exercise diary. All injuries were registered with a structured questionnaire and verified by a physician.
Primary outcome measure(s) Incidence of non-contact knee and ankle ligament injuries that occurred during floorball
Secondary outcome measure(s) 1. Incidence of other traumatic and overuse injuries that occurred during floorball
2. Players test scores on balance, agility and power before and after the follow-up period
Sources of funding 1. The Finnish Ministry of Education (Finland)
2. The Medical Research Fund of Tampere University Hospital (Finland)
Trial website
Publications 1. 2008 results in http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18583331
2. 2009 results in http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19622526
Contact name Ms  Kati  Pasanen
  Address The UKK Institute
PO Box 30
  City/town Tampere
  Zip/Postcode FIN-33501
  Country Finland
  Email kati.pasanen@uta.fi
Sponsor The Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (UKK) Institute for Health Promotion Research (Finland)
  Address PO Box 30
  City/town Tampere
  Zip/Postcode FIN-33501
  Country Finland
  Sponsor website: http://www.ukkinstituutti.fi/en
Date applied 10/08/2007
Last edited 23/07/2009
Date ISRCTN assigned 12/09/2007
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